In 1885 surveyor Edward Johnson gave the name Cooloon to the entrance of the Tweed River – an area today known as Tweed Heads/Coolangatta, the “Twin Towns” marking the state border between New South Wales and Queensland on Australia’s east coast.
Cooloon was the Ngarakbal name for the blue fig tree that grew in the area….Cooloon was also the name of the one of the tribes [or family clans] that occupied the area before invasion – today this Ngarakbal family choose to spell their name Calhum [or Calham] and most of them still reside in their ancestral estates on Ngarakbal/Githabal lands.
Many of the ancestral Aboriginal people became known by the English name of the first settlers whom they lived and worked with and many of the geographical place names in Australia today are still Aboriginal words of the local ancestral dialect tribes [families] who traditionally occupy the lands…Cooloon was an English butchering of the name of the tribe – the Culham [family] – who’s ancestral area included Tweed Heads in what is traditionally known as Ngarakbal ‘country’ …During the systematic relocation process of removing ancestral aboriginal peoples from their land, the remnant survivors of the Culham [family] were [eventually] sent to ‘Mulli Mulli’ Aboriginal Station near Woodenbong, which is the ancestral ‘country’ of the Githabal, who are their traditional marriage clan….and lots of Culham descendants reside there today.
Many of the Ngarakbal/Githabal Elders were instrumental in achieving the success of the Aboriginal Civil Rights Campaigns which were ratified by government in 1967, granting aboriginal people legal ‘human’ status instead of the Flora and Fauna classification they had lived under since invasion….The Civil Rights campaign had taken over a decade to achieve…many of the Elders who ‘gave their all’ in that campaign had worked first hand with the crowns surveyors who mapped their ancestral country – so, they knew the Aboriginal names on the maps were very important to show that THEY were the original inhabitants of Australia….This worried the crown greatly, as it threatened their legal tenure to Terra Nullius….So the crowns way of handling this problem was to start the renaming process of the geographical, or geospatial data…Change the maps…..a ‘classic’ administrative process utilised since Roman times.
Renaming geographical names on maps has been the systematic invasion process of the crown throughout the commonwealth countries….after all that’s how they claimed the Australian east coast from the pre-crown Spanish tenure and then rescinded the Dutch tenure of the Australian western lands…In these contemporary times, in order to retain tenure post-Civil Rights  and then Native Title  they systematically move shire boundaries, or change the names of towns or important geographical features by removing the aboriginal names, or the ancestral dialect those names are attributed too…Cooloon was one of the towns this ‘Roman’ administrative sleight of hand was applied to.
“Cooloon survived as the official name, though rarely used, until 1965, when in that same year the name was officially changed to Tweed Heads by the New South Wales [Geographical] Names Board”….[Keates]
You also find the names of Mountains and significant places in Australia have English names from the surveying day’s too….for example; Mount Brown on the Richmond Range….Mt Brown is an extremely important djurebil [sacred site] from the Creation Bootheram [Dreaming] of the Ngarakbal/Githabal moieties….Mount Brown is where the birds all flew from, in the ‘Dreaming’ [or Bootheram, as the Ngarakbal/Githabal call it] ….and each bird who flew from Mount Brown became the totemic creator of the various ‘Bird Tribes’ [Feathered Serpent Traditions] where each species landed…..This totemic attribution can be seen in the Aboriginal Site Registration of Mount Warning/Wollumbin of which the totemic creator is a Turkey….in the site registration it state’s “Turkey flew from Mount Brown”…and Turkey created the Ngarakbal tribe of Gullival..[see previous post Significance of Mt Warning ].
At the time of the original surveying and mapping the Ngarakbal/Githabal ancestral area was pristine natural rainforest….Beautiful rainforest land, heaven to a Ngarakbal person, but to an Englishman, foreboding…
“The Tweed at that time was practically impenetrable to the settlers travelling overland. Only a barely discernable mailman’s track wound its way through precipitous mountain ridges to the nearest settlement of Casino on the Richmond….Miles of undulation clothed in thick moist rainforest, filled with razor sharp Lawyer Cane [vines ] gouging at the unwary horsemen’s face and arms .Overhead the canopy enclosed the darkness and exuded an ever present odour of decay”…[Keates]
Mount Brown was on the designated Mail Route that ran from Cooloon/Tweed Heads to Casino in the late 1800’s….The tracks were treacherous for English settlers, but they were paradise for the ancestral Ngarakbal peoples….in those times it was common for an Aboriginal man to be given the job of delivering the mail….A local Aboriginal man was accustomed to the terrain of his homeland, and more importantly, he would not be killed as he travelled through his ancestral country, where as a White man would.
Johnny Brown was the English name that first settlers gave to one of the Ngarakbal Aboriginal mailmen and his ‘run’ was from Cooloon [Tweed Heads] to Casino, located on the other side of the Richmond Range…The mail track took in a portion of what is now known as Mount Brown, which is an extremely important djurebil [sacred site] of creation of the Bird Tribes in Ngarakbal/Githabal Lore…It is the Bootheram ‘beginning’ point from where all the birds flew from to make the tribes…..Bootheram is the Ngarakbal/Githabal word for the DREAMING, and, Johnny Brown-Ngarakbal knew his Lore, his Land and his Language, and he also knew the surveyor, Edward Johnson who had mapped Ngarakbal land for the old Queen…
“Between the years 1844 and the arrival of William McGregor and his four boatmen, Henry Brown, Alfred Gray, John Whelan, Willam Parkes and their families in1870 to establish a pilot station at the mouth of the Tweed River, the area remained an enigma and a remote outstation of the fledgling New South Wales colony”…[Keates] .
In the mid 1800’s the old Queen [ Victoria] had given orders to all her surveyor to only use the local Aboriginal names of places on the new maps they were creating….there was a legal reason for this….The Dutch still held three quarters of the continent to the west and had used Dutch words on their maps…and the Portuguese had mapped the East Coast in the 1500’s and had used Spanish words…the Dauphin map of 1536, below, was charted before the discovery of Longitude…
The Spanish had been defeated by the French and the maps had been taken into their possession…But those maps were reproductions from ancient Khemit [Egyptian] maps….and so, to claim the ‘Great Southern Land’ Napoleon had to invade Egypt to capture those maps for the French… of note is that Khemit is the original name of Egypt before Roman invaders changed their maps too…and of course England has Roman links…
The maps to Banyan [Bird] Land, aka Australia, were held in the Khemit libraries of Alexandria from their long ago expeditions – 4000 years long ago and more – Khemit maps to GOLD MINES – Napoleon needed those maps, or rather to destroy them before anyone else claimed the “Land of the Red Princes”, or, before he could claim it for France….
So, then His-story goes that the English [Roman descendants] declared war on the French against Napoleon, and in due course defeated him and then they had the Khemit maps in their possession again…..The east coast of Australia was ‘up for grabs, well, according to the Roman descendants, the English, that is…
Then, La Perouse from France [who still had copies of the Portuguese maps Napoleon had captured] raced Captain Cook to Tahiti, purportedly in pursuit of mapping the Venus transit so as to define longitude , which is what the ‘accepted’ academic texts tell us…but, the actual reason for this race between La Perouse and Cook was to travel on to claim Australia – but La Perouse arrived three days too late, Cook was already there – and so Cook claimed the east coast for England as instructed by the Queen….
And what of the Egyptian [Khemit] maps?…Well, that’s the story of another English war isn’t it?….actually, there is more, but that too will come to light in the near future from good people whose work in this field is far more qualified to tell of it than I….
It is also of note that Aboriginal men from the east coast Reserves had been sent to fight in the Boer War…after it ended in 1902 the crown left them all in Africa…The Australian Light-horse stress were also abandoned….The crowns excuse for this travesty was so as to prevent possible disease coming back to Australia….The east coast Aboriginal men were classified as Flora and Fauna by the occupying British..This was a perfect opportunity to prevent breeding age Aboriginal men from returning to their ancestral lands….
Anyway, back to Ngarakbal/Githabal country and the His-story of the Australian East Coast invasion…..Well then, the old Queen [Victoria] had been advised by her counsel to use the Aboriginal words of the local ancestral moieties – so her surveyors dutifully befriended the ancestral peoples and garnered their assistance in fulfilling her orders, aboriginal people like Johnny Brown….The reason was that [the crown thought] it a way of proving that they had been there first, and that they could prove this because the ancestral aboriginal ‘tongue’ was on their English maps…In their opinion this would serve as evidence that they discovered Australia’s east coast first – before the Portuguese had, and [if they could ‘capture’ them] also before the Khemit had too….
In other words “Bluff it”, by re-mapping the place and destroying the records of any maps the others had ever created, and if that meant war, then that’s what happened…..Banyan Land [of the Red Princes] was full of Gold and that would fund the wars…
So….That is my version of the crowns invasion in a nutshell…In reality it’s a sad His-story of War and death….conquering and claiming… and it worked for a while, but is rapidly failing…Claiming by Re-naming is one of the crowns fortes…..and I have personally had first-hand experience of this in order to be able to tell this story now….specifically with Mount Warning and it’s geographical renaming as Wollumbin…
Apart from my own research and lobby [to aid the Ngarakbal/Githabal] I have met lots of people around the global village that also have the old maps and amassed mountains of verifiable proof of archaeological sites of the Portuguese and the Khemit/Egyptians in Australia…check out Sonya Vangelders work on the Gosford Glyphs which casts long overdue light onto the Khemit expeditions, which also visited Ngarakbal/Githabal lands…along with Professor Cann’s work on MtDNA which uneqivicably verifies the original ancestral aboriginal people claims that they were here before all of them – 350 thousand years longer – which blitzes the accepted academic benchmark texts that tell us of Aboriginal occupation being only 70,000 years…..
That Australia, the ancestral land of the Bird Tribes [Feathered Serpent Traditions], has been coveted for its mineral wealth for thousands and thousands of years is not surprising news, but that they actually had operating trade agreements with the Dutch, the Portuguese and the Khemit to name a few, is , and thanks to more good peoples works this also is coming to light….
Though attempts have been made to eradicate this important information of prior occupation and trade – like the names and places on the maps being scrubbed out by administration or swept away in the wars – the global village has woken up to just how much ’His-story’ gets corrupted, sanitised and spoon fed to the masses, and what a brutal and unnecessary thing war was….Forgiveness and compassion are something that the whole planet can learn from the Australian Bird Tribes, along with their Bootheram lores of sharing and mindfulness of resources, and most importantly NEVER altering the truth…
Good Lore’s – Ancient Time tested Lore’s – How else can we learn to ‘care for country’, or this planet, and become better human beings if we don’t keep the truth pure…and learn from looking at our past mistakes.
Here’s a beautiful Bootheram from the Ngarakbal/Githabal lore…It is related by Mr Joe Calhum, a survivor who was systematically removed from his ancestral lands of Cooloom [Tweed Heads] to eventually reside at ‘Mulli Mulli’ Aboriginal Station near Woodenbong….He told this Bootheram as his part in the Civil Rights Campaigns to free his people from the suffering of being classified as Flora and Fauna – not human- by the crown…He’s one of the unsung heroes of Australia…an exemplary HUMAN, who ‘held’ [in his turn] the Bootheram Lore [unchanged as Lore decrees] as a true ‘Custodian of the Land’ must….Lamington Plateau is featured in this Bootheram, it’s a chain of remnant volcanic mountains behind Tweed Heads marking the New South Wales/Queensland geographical border….Remember, Bootheram is Metaphorical…it appears a fairy-tale about Dogs and Kangaroos and Humans, but it’s not…it has layers and deep meaning…..See if you can ponder the ‘truth’ in this ancient Lore…..
The Two Dogs – Burrajahnee & Inneeroogun A legend from the Lamington Plateau as told by Joe Calhum [Cooloom] of Woodenbong – pictured above – this story is a Bootheram Lore and must NEVER be changed.
“Where the north-eastern border of NSW & the south-eastern border of Qld meet lies the rugged MacPherson Range, and on this range there is a plateau known to the white man as Lamington Plateau. Many long years ago in the Dreamtime, in a very young world, there lived an old man and his nephew on the Lamington Plateau. The Old man and his nephew had two dogs of which they were very fond.The dogs were named Burrajahnee and Inneroogun.
One day Burrajahnee and Inneroogun saw a kangaroo. They chased it down the side of the plateau. When the old man and his nephew saw the dogs chasing the kangaroo, they called out to them,… “Burrajahnee and Inneroogun, come back to us!”……
The dogs took no notice for they were excited by the chase. Some people from a tribe that lived near the plateau also saw the dogs chasing the kangaroo. When they saw the kangaroo running towards the lagoon, they placed two nets in the pathway. The kangaroo was big and strong. He got through the first net, he got through the second net, jumped into the lagoon and turned into a bunyip; and there he lives to this day.
Burrajahnee and Inneroogun also got through the first net, but they were caught in the second one. The people who had tried to catch the kangroo killed the two dogs, saying to each other “they will serve us as food as well as the Kangaroo. We shall light a fire and cook them”. And this they did.
When the dogs failed to return the old man and nephew were sad, because they knew some evil had befallen them. They went to look for their dogs, and tracked them down the side of the plateau to the place where the fire had been lit, calling out “Burrajahnee and Inneroogun come back to us”. Great was the anger of the old man and his nephew when they found their dogs had been killed and cooked. The old man sent a big cyclone to destroy the people who had killed Burrajahnee and Inneroogun.
The uncle and the nephew picked up the dogs, wrapped them in bark, and carried them reverently back to the plateau. Whenever any part of the dogs, such as a foreleg or foot, fell off as they were being carried back to the plateau the placed was named after it and is known by the same name to this day.
On the way back to the plateau they came to a waterfall. They climbed to the top and sat down and rested placing their burdens on the ground. One of them faced in one direction and the other facing in the opposite direction. There the remains of the two dogs Burrajahnee and Inneroogun were turned into stone.
Those two dogs are still to be seen at the top of the waterfall. One facing in one direction and the other in the opposite direction.
The stone dogs are sacred. No man dares to touch them. To the tribe of people who are descendants of the old man the stone dogs will always be sacred.
That is the story of the two dogs Burrajahnee and Inneroogun, and the part of the plateau were they began to chase the kangaroo is called Goonbundah”…..Joe Calhum/Cooloon
If you would like receive further posts then join my newsletter [its free] and you will automatically get them sent to your email account…also check out Sonya Vangelder’s work on the Egyptian [Khemit] Glyphs and for more info on the Crowns instructions to Capt. Cook check out http://www.ancientwisdomoftheancestors.com/crowns-instructions-to –cook which is also Sonya’s website… listed in my links….Hoo Roo